Fiscal Year 2018 Budget

Beginning July 1, 2017 and ending June 30, 2018

Last updated: 4/13/17

Weighted student funding

Weighted Student Funding (WSF) ensures resource equity for all students no matter the school they attend.

The weighted student funding model creates a baseline per-student funding amount and then adjusts the amount depending on individual student need. For example, students whose family income is at or below the poverty level will receive additional funding. Other need-based weights include students with disabilities, English Language Learners (ELL), and vocational education students.


School budgets

A school’s budget is calculated by adding the individual funding amounts for every student projected to attend that school in the fall. Additionally, each school also receives a foundation budget to support essential staff.

In FY18, the district increased the total direct appropriations to schools by approximately $2.7 million to $483.2 million through WSF.

WSF is only one component of schools’ funding; total school funding is expected to rise by almost 4% or $25 million in FY18.

Need-based funding

For FY18, the seventh year using the WSF formula, BPS continues to refine this need-based method of funding. Student-based allocation models are the standard for transparent and equitable school budgeting. Such models allow dollars to follow students, and those dollars are weighted based on student needs. BPS’s highest-need students receive more resources through the weighted student funding structure.

Help when enrollment declines

When enrollment declines at a school, central office works closely with those schools to appropriately adjust staffing. Particular care was made through this process to make classrooms full so that they are affordable to schools. There are safeguards in place to assist schools with a decline in enrollment, including sustainability allocations and soft landings, as well as other reserves that are used throughout the budgeting process.

More support for high-need students

BPS’s FY18 budget includes a series of substantial supports on top of WSF – including existing and proposed new investments totaling over $16 million – that differentially serve the district’s highest need students. These include:

  • the new proposed investment to support students experiencing homelessness;
  • state grants for turnaround schools;
  • Academic Response Teams; and
  • a new $1.25 million reserve specifically targeted at Level 3, 4, and 5 schools.

These funds will support lower performing schools, and particularly those with declining in enrollment. BPS anticipates significant funds from this reserve will support Excel and Brighton, which are in the turnaround planning process and will see budget increases at the conclusion of that process.